Philco introduces the Safari, the
first transistorized TV set, which was also the first battery-powered TV
1961, Philco: HMD for surveillance through telepresence, 1961 Philco Headsight television system provides remote surveillance, CP Comeau, JS Bryan - Electronics, Nov, 1961
The Philco HMD was part of the Philco "Headsight TV Surveillance System" and was mounted in a building, not portable or wearable.
Four years later, in 1965 Ivan Sutherland conducted his seminal work on head-mounted displays at Harvard University, but Sutherland's system was also building-mounted.
Ivan Sutherland, 1968, HMD based AR:
It is incredibly simple: AR from light bulbs, amplifiers, switchers, and sensors. It was invented and built by S. Mann at the age of 12, in the basement of the York Radio and Television repair shop in Hamilton, Ontario, where he volunteered as a child repairing and learning about televisions. In its simplest form a light bulb is connected to a "PHENOMENAmplifier", a device that amplifies real-world phenomena with sufficient gain, and sufficient power to drive light bulbs directly.
Mann's original PHENOMENAmplifiers (made from vacuum tubes, silicon controlled rectifiers, and stepping relays).
(Steve Mann's PHENOMENAmplifier, visualizing radio waves from a surveillance camera transmitting on TV channel 7, wavelength of 67 inches = 171cm, 1974)
(Steve Mann, PHENOMENAmplification as a visual art form in the 1980s)
1990s: founding of the MIT Wearable Computing Project:
1993: Invention of wearable computational photographic vision:
Wearable HDR combined with panoramics:
1993: Thad Starner's "Tin Lizzy" wearable computer:
1994-1996, Mann: Wearable Wireless Webcam worn continuously nonstop for 2 years
1996, Mann: Wearable Face Recognizer
al.: Touring Machine
(AR by Natural User Interface with 3D Gesture-based wearable computing, S. Mann, 1997, IEEE Computer, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp25-32.)
1999, Mann: Contact lens display
for the visually-impaired
2002, Dobelle: Artificial Vision
2010, Ori Inbar
Future of AR: Jayse Hansen, Hollywood's #1 User Interface designer: Hunger Games, Ender's Game, Iron Man...
Mann's S.W.I.M. (Sequential Wave Imprinting Machine) formed the basis of his portfolio for admission into the MIT Media Lab where he founded the MIT Wearable Computing project as its first member (link), in the words of the Media Lab's founder and director, Nicholas Negroponte, "Steve Mann Persisted in his vision and ended up founding a new discipline".